Understanding Ebola Virus, the Symptoms and How to Prevent
Ebola is a disease that has no cure, you have to know to know this disease that does not happen in your life. Symptoms, prevention and treatment is one way to protect yourself from this new disease. Get closer to this disease helps your future.
This deadly virus causing bleeding both inside and outside the body. As the virus spreads through the body, the ebola virus damages the immune system and organ. In the end, it causes cell level decreased blood clotting and causes severe bleeding uncontrollably.
The disease is also known as Ebola virus disease or Ebola hemorrhagic fever is known to have killed up to 90% of the total of people infected.
How does Ebola spread?
Ebola is not contagious like viruses in general such as colds, influenza, or measles. Ebola virus is spread to people through contact with the skin or body fluids from infected animals such as monkeys, chimpanzees, or fruit bats.
Then the virus is spreading from person to person in the same way anyway. People who care for patients with this disease or bury patients who died from the disease generally often infected. Another path how the virus can be transmitted is included syringes contaminated by the virus.
A person will not be infected with ebola virus from the air, water or food. In addition, the contaminated ebola virus but show no symptoms known also can not transmit the disease.
What are the symptoms of Ebola?
In the early days, ebola can feel like the flu or other illnesses. Symptoms usually appear from 2 to 21 days after infection and usually include:
- High fever.
- Joint and muscle pain.
- Sore throat.
- Abdominal pain.
- Lack of appetite.
When the ebola disease gets worse, it will cause bleeding inside the body, as well as from the eyes, ears, and nose. Some people will vomit or cough up blood, bloody diarrhea, and get a rash.
How Ebola diagnosed?
Sometimes it’s hard to tell if someone has Ebola from the symptoms alone. The doctor may test to rule out other diseases such as cholera or malaria. Blood and tissue tests can diagnose the ebola. If you are infected with ebola virus, then you will be isolated from the public immediately to prevent the spread.
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How to treat Ebola?
Although researchers continue to work hard to overcome, currently no drugs to treat these diseases. Treatment is limited to an experimental serum that destroy infected cells.
- Doctors treat the symptoms of ebola with:
- Fluid and electrolyte.
- Blood pressure medicines.
- Blood transfusion.
- Treatment for other infections.
How to prevent ebola?
There is currently no vaccine to prevent Ebola. The best way to avoid this is to not travel to areas where the virus was discovered. Health workers can prevent infection by wearing a mask, gloves, and goggles whenever they will conduct an examination of patients affected by Ebola virus.
There are five types of Ebola virus in which four of which cause disease in humans. The Ebola virus first appeared in 1976 in 2 simultaneous outbreaks in Africa, precisely in Nzara, Sudan, and in Yambuku, the Democratic Republic of Congo. Ebola gets its name from the Ebola River which is one of the villages in the Democratic Republic of Congo.